Bangsawan Melayu Deli Pasca-Revolusi Sosial, 1946-1950an
Mhd. Alif Ichsan, Prof. Dr. Bambang Purwanto2023 | Tesis | S2 Sejarah
This research examines the Deli Malay aristocrats after the Social Revolution in the period from 1946 to the 1950s. The Deli Malay aristocrats studied are the Tengku class, namely the Sultan of Deli and his family, as well as some of the Datuk and Orang Kaya groups. The choice of topic was based on the rare study of Deli Malay aristocrats in this period. Using historical methods as well as sociological and anthropological approaches, this study seeks to answer the main problem, namely the efforts of Deli Malay aristocrats to maintain survival after the Social Revolution. The data used comes from archives, newspapers, photographs, and interviews as primary sources, while books and articles are also used as secondary sources.
The efforts of Deli Malay aristocrats in maintaining post-Social Revolution viability can be divided into two periods. The first period lasted from March 1946 and ended in October 1948 when the State of East Sumatra (NST) issued a decision to abolish the autonomous region. In this first period, Deli Malay aristocrats tended to be passive. They mostly survived by relying on protection and financial assistance from colonial elements such as the Allies, NICA, the Sultanate of Perak, and NST. The second period took place from October 1948 to November 1957 which was marked by the involvement of Deli Malay aristocrats in the official opening of the University of North Sumatra (USU). After the decision to abolish the autonomous regions in October 1948, Deli Malay aristocrats acted more actively in maintaining survival. They realized that they could not continue to depend on colonial elements, especially after 1950 after the fusion of NST into the Republic of Indonesia. Therefore, Deli Malay aristocrats began to look at the cultural aspect. They use cultural symbols such as Islam and Malay to secure their position in society.
Kata Kunci : bangsawan, Melayu Deli, pasca-Revolusi Sosial/ aristocrats, Deli Malay, post-social revolution