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Pelepasan konjungsi dalam klausa subordinatif sebagai alat kohesi dalam wacana bahasa Indonesia


Andriyanti, Erna

Pembimbing: Prof.Drs. M. Ramlan

ABSTRACT : The research entitled Pelesapan Konjungsi dalam Klausa Subordinatif sebagai Alat Kohesi dalam Wacana Bahasa Indonesia ‘The Deletion of Conjunction as a Means of Cohesion in Indonesian Discourse’ discusses on structural, semantic and pragmatic aspects of the uses of subordinate clause with conjunction deletion, which are often found in Indonesian discourse. The matter of conjunction deletion in subordinate clause is considered interesting because conjunction plays an important role as the fonnal marker, which relates one gramatical unit to another one to build a cohesion. Because of that importance, the deletion of it invites many various questions, such as whether the deletion can take over the conjunction’s role i n building cohesion, how readers or listeners interprete the semantic relation between two connected grammatical units while there is no formal marker, and also why the deletion is conducted. The analysis of the data uses structural and pragmatic approaches. In structural approach distributional method is applied; in pragnatic approach pragmatic identity method is used. The result of the research reveals that conjunction deletion can simply take over the conjunction’s role in some ways. It is proved that the cohesion of the units previously connected by conjunction still exists although the formal marker, that is conjunction, is deleted. readers/ listeners do not face significant difficulties i n finding out the alternative semantic relation between two clauses in a complex sentence because of the special characteristics marking each relation, which are employed as a foregound understanding. Basically, the characteristics can be classified into structural, semantic and pragmatic points of viey. Structural characteristics relate to each clause’s position in a complex sentence and to the identical subjects of those clauses. Semantic characteristics relate to the semantic relation of predicative verbs in the two clauses, and also the lexical meanings of certain words which basically replace the conjunctions’ meanings. Pragmatic characteristics relate to the commonness and logic found out i n d aily life. The reasons why conjunction deltition is employed can also be described from structural, semantic and pragmatic aspects. That not every complex sentence’s conjunction can be deleted closely relates to grammaticality of a sentence, and change of the semantic relation. The deletion of conjunction is possibly applied in sentences with temporal, causal, manner, commitative, final/ purpose, concessive, conditional, content , expectation and relative relations . While the others that have subjunctive, result, exceptiion, and comparison relations will be ungainmatical or change i n meaning if the subordinative conjunctions are deleted. Froin pragnatic aspect, the conjunction deletion supports economical principal and processability one.Yet, i t deviates from clarity principal. The con-junction deletion economizes words with effect on ambiguity. The economy refers to contraction of constructions and deletion of redundant units. While the common use of subordinate clause with conjunction deletion at the beginning of a sentence basically relates to language linearity. Firstly, i t helps the readers or hearers i n interpreting the other elements coining after it. Secondly, i t connects w ith ordo naturulis or the commonness of sequences.

Kata kunci Linguistik,Klausa Subordinatif
Program Studi S2 Sastra UGM
No Inventaris c.1 (1316/H/2000)
Deskripsi ix, 165 p., bibl., ills., 30 cm
Bahasa Indonesia
Jenis Tesis
Penerbit [Yogyakarta] : Universitas Gadjah Mada, 2000
Lokasi Perpustakaan Pusat UGM
File Tulisan Lengkap dapat Dibaca di Ruang Tesis/Disertasi
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